June 13, 2024

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has issued new guidelines to commercial banks on the operations of dormant accounts which have received no deposit or withdrawal for upwards of one year.

The new guideline is contained in the bank’s circular to commercial banks issued on Wednesday.

According to the apex bank, it shall open a pool account to warehouse all funds left in dormant savings and current and domiciliary accounts.

According to N toIBSS and found that as of December 2021, there were 191.4 million bank accounts in Nigeria, out of which 133.5 million were active. Meaning that there are 57.9 million inactive bank accounts both savings and current in the country, with about N500 billion left by their owners in them as of January 2021.

The bank said it would invest the warehoused funds in Treasury Bills and other interest-yielding ventures and return the profits to the owners of the accounts upon reactivation.

Per the circular, the dormant accounts shall be reopened and the funds, including interest rates, returned to the owners upon request within two days. It directed commercial banks to continue paying interest into dormant accounts and maintain periodic communications with account owners via emails, text messages, and other necessary mediums.

CBN stated that dormant and unclaimed accounts are targets of fraudsters, hence the move to warehouse the funds in a joint account known as the “Unclaimed Balances Trust Fund Pool Account.

CBN says: “The continuous maintenance of such accounts results in the accumulation of huge unclaimed balances at the disposal of the financial institutions for which the depositors may not be adequately compensated. In addition, dormant and unclaimed balances are increasingly susceptible to fraudulent transactions or abuse.”

CBN said it would establish a management committee to oversee funds from the accounts and disburse them accordingly. It also stated that a bank account should be deemed dormant if it has not done any transactions for one year.

It said: “A bank account shall be classified as dormant if there has been no customer or depositor-initiated transaction in it for one (1) year after the last customer or depositor-initiated transaction.

“The bank shall institute controls consistent with its precautionary policies, including surveillance procedures and 58-level authorization. To make the such account active, the customer is to provide satisfactory evidence of account ownership, means of identification, and present place of residence.

“Unclaimed funds shall be categorized as Proceeds of stale local and foreign currency drafts not yet presented for payment by beneficiaries. Funds received from a correspondent bank without sufficient details as to the rightful beneficiary and/or a recall of funds made to the remitting bank to which the Nigerian bank’s account had not been debited; and a judgment debt for which the judgment creditor has not claimed the amount of judgment award.”

The bank said it is empowered by the provisions of Section 72 (11) of the bank and other financial institutions to carry out the guideline.


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